Adopting Behavior Driven Testing within Automated Testing


Behavior Driven Testing drives focus to the requirements and the business point of view, as opposed to focusing too much on testing the technical implementation. Behavior Driven Testing uses easily understandable language to broadcast product ideas. The objective of such testing is to ensure everyone on the team gains a clear understanding of testing objectives.

In line with this, Behavior Driven Testing allows non-technical people, who are in charge of business analysis and product management, to actively join the testing process. This form of software testing is gaining significant momentum since modern organizations are viewing it as a solution to challenges posed by automation testing and collaboration.

Behavior Driven Testing within Automated Testing

Some testing experts aver, "The goal of behavior driven testing is a business readable and domain specific language that allows you to describe a system’s behavior without detailing how that behavior is implemented.” (Further), “behavior driven tests in the form of plain text feature descriptions with scenarios and are typically written before anything else and verified by the non-technical stakeholders."

Drives Collaboration

Behavior Driven Testing builds closer relationships among business analysts, QA groups, and software development teams through the Behavior Clarification Reviews. This form of software testing, lends itself well to automation testing and helps communicate requirements effectively; however, the requirements have to be verified by business analysts and testers before they reach a common ground for acceptance criteria.

Easy Review and Feedback

Behavior Driven Testing requires no development skills because this form of testing hinges on writing the test cases in natural language (which is human-readable). Hence, non-coding professionals such as business analysts can actively participate in the process of automation testing and creating automated test cases, review the same, and offer feedback for improvements.

Easy Automation

Business teams review testing scenarios, developed by manual testers; following this, an automation engineer can develop the step definitions for the scenario steps. The path to automation testing runs through the QA team, which automates the scenarios; once executed, glitches that emerge are remediated. The automated tests are run as regression tests, following which the user accepts the software by certifying that acceptance and quality criteria have been met.

QA team

Focus on Testing Behavior

Since Behavior Driven Testing focuses on testing behavior, testers can implement automation testing by building detailed automated unit tests. Testers therefore, must develop test cases keeping the scenario in mind, not just code implementation. In doing so, testers would not need to change the test, inputs, and outputs should the requirements undergo change. This makes unit Test Automation much faster, less tedious, and more accurate.

Ease of Implementation

The availability of a large range of open source Behavior Driven Testing frameworks remains key to the success of "automation testing". "Test Automation" demands the Behavior Driven Testing layer is positioned on top of a customized framework. Subsequently, the Behavior Driven Tests are given the when-then style steps written in natural language. However, testers must implement these steps in a programming language of their choice.

Areas of Concern

Skilled technical resources are required to build and maintain the automation testing framework that will enable Behavior Driven Testing. This approach to development differs significantly from other popular automation tools. In addition, certain scenarios may emerge wherein the tests written by the manual tester (or business analysts) do not lend themselves to automation. However, Behavior Driven Testing does not require specific documentation because the feature file serves as the requirement specifications or repository of use cases.

In Conclusion:

Behavior Driven Testing (BDT) is not a frequently used term in the realm of software testing and or development. This is because the testing focuses on user behavior and not the technical performance and functions of the software, and is used to highlight the requirements of a product and the point of view of the business. Our experts understand the use of BDT as a solution and premise for implementing data driven testing – connect with us to achieve this more speedily and successfully in a consistent manner.


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