Types of Test Automation Frameworks - Codoid
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The 6 Different Types of Test Automation Frameworks

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A test automation framework is a collection of components that work together to facilitate test automation. A framework provides a high-level overview of your test strategy, and it should cover both manual and automated tests. The exact details of your framework will depend on your individual situation.

Here are six different types of test automation frameworks you can implement in your workflow:

1. Linear Test Automation Framework

This framework describes a linear approach to test automation and is commonly used by organizations that are just starting to use automation. It is a logical progression from test planning to test design to test execution, and then you repeat for every functionality. This framework makes it easier to start with automation, but it may not scale well. Try to use this framework for no longer than a few months, then modify it or replace it with a more advanced one.

2. Modular-Based Test Automation Framework

The modular-based framework is similar to the linear framework, except it allows you to divide test cases into smaller subgroups. Each module is then tested, and once that’s done, the application is tested as a whole. This framework is an excellent way to scale your test automation efforts. The modularized files and functions can be reused across multiple test cases, and you can easily maintain, update and reuse the files.

3. Data-Driven Test Automation Framework

Data-driven test automation scripts are used to run repetitive tests. The data can be anything, such as the product version, build number, environment, status, customer ID, or any other value to trigger test cases. This framework allows you to test user inputs, data outputs, and custom scenarios, and all you have to do is edit the relevant data.

4. Library Architecture Test Automation Framework

The library architecture test framework is a common way to categorize similar test cases. This works exceptionally well when testing similar features across multiple applications. Instead of writing a test for every application, you can write the main test case and then reference the test case in other applications.

5. Keyword-Driven Test Automation Framework

With a keyword-driven framework, test cases are written using natural language inputs and outputs. These keywords are then mapped to a specific test logic. This may be used to test user actice (GUI). It may require more upfront design and planning, but once your keywords are defined, you can easily reuse and modify your keywords for future use once your keywords are defined.

6. Hybrid Test Automation Framework

Hybrid frameworks combine multiple frameworks to create an automated testing system that can be reused for various test cases. Some use a combination of multiple frameworks to perform a specific testing function. For example, you could combine a data-driven and keyword-driven framework to create automated test cases that focus on custom inputs and outputs.


Coding is an essential part of the software development lifecycle (SDLC), and it can also be an important part of your test automation strategy. Even if you don’t know how to write code, you can use an open-source framework to help you get started with test automation. Many of these frameworks are easy to use, and they can help you to accelerate your test automation efforts.

If you’re worried about your current worklow’s efficiency and precision, polish your frameworks with help from an automation testing company. We at Codoid are industry leaders in quality assurance, and we’re passionate about helping guide the community and improving performance. Schedule a consultation with us today!


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