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Not many know that there is a lot of difference between Quality Assurance and Software Testing. Though they both contribute towards better software quality, they differ in terms of goal, approach, and so on. To put it in simple terms, software testing is the process of finding bugs that already exist in the software. Whereas, Quality Assurance is the process of preventing the creation of such bugs and future problems. So we would first perform software testing to find all the bugs, then with the available data, we will be able to perform quality control to achieve quality assurance. As a leading QA company, we have been able to successfully test products and provide quality assurance to many of our clients. So in this blog, we will be focusing on the core differences between QA and Software testing and explore why Quality Assurance is important.
The Differences between QA and Software Testing
Quality Assurance is much broader in scope as covers every process, policy, tool, guideline, training, workflow, etc. that a team will need to meet with their quality objectives. So software testing is basically a sub-branch of the quality assurance process. Now let’s take a look at the tabulated version of the key differences between QA and Software Testing.
|Software Testing||Quality Assurance|
|The primary objective is to make the application bug-free.||The primary objective is to make the application meet the stakeholder’s expectations.|
|Performed once the code has been written.||Involved in every step of the development process.|
|Checks or validates the behavior of the application.||Improves the application’s quality using various methods, tools, policies, etc.|
|It is reactive in nature as it is a corrective action.||It is proactive in nature as it is a preventive action.|
|Focused on the product.||Focused on the process.|
|Developers or Testers perform the tests.||Quality Assurance activities are followed by all. (Stakeholders, Business Analysts, Developers, and Testers)|
The Importance of Quality Assurance
We know for a fact that lack of bugs alone doesn’t make a quality product. If we were to go by an analogy, we can consider a dish that has been cooked in accordance with the given recipe & procedure. But what if there was something wrong with the recipe or the cooking process itself? The consumer still may not like the food though everything went according to plan. Likewise, an end-user might not feel satisfied with your product though it is bug-free.
Moreover, believing that the software being developed will have zero errors is a fallacy. Since we are aware of the obvious result, is it not wiser to follow quality assurance methods to minimize the effects of any quality issues later down the pipeline? It is impossible for the software tester who receives the code with the bugs to have any control over the development process. So the more attention and effort you put into quality assurance, the easier it gets while testing a product.
Which one do you need?
So it is evident that creating a successful product without either of these two is not possible. Though companies might have an internal team for executing basic tests, it will not be enough. A dedicated QA team will be mandatory as we all know that quality cannot be tested into a product. If there are any doubts regarding the team’s expansion, one can always outsource their QA needs to one of the best outsourcing companies such as us to get the job done without breaking a sweat while still staying on budget. We hope you are now clear of the various differences between QA and software testing