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Best Cypress Plugins Every Tester Must Know

Best Cypress Plugins Every Tester Must Know

A Cypress plugin is a JavaScript module that extends the functionality of the Cypress test runner. They have the ability to create new commands, modify existing commands, and register custom task runners. So knowing the best Cypress plugins can be very useful as you will be able to save a lot of time and streamline your automation testing. Being a leading automation testing company, we have listed out the Best Cypress Plugins we have used in our projects. We have also explained the functionality of these plugins and have mentioned how you can install them as well.

It is important to note that Cypress plugins can be created by anyone. So you can also create a plugin if different projects share a common functionality or utility function that can use one.

But the great advantage here is that Cypress already has a wide range of community-created plugins that cover most of the required functionality such as using XPath, creating HTML reports, and so on.

But before we take a look at the best Cypress plugins and their functionalities, we’ll have to know how to install them.

Installing a Cypress Plugin

Once you have identified a Cypress plugin you wish to use, there are a few standard steps you’ll have to follow to add it to your project. Let’s find out what they are.

But there will be exceptions in a few cases and you’ll need to do a few extra steps to use the plugin. We will explore those exceptions when we look into the best Cypress plugins in detail.

1. Add it as a dependency to your project by using this command

npm install --save-dev @name_of_the_plugin

2. Register the plugin in your Cypress configuration file (cypress.config.js)

Add the object into the “plugins” array as shown in the below example

{
  "name": "@name_of_the_plugin"
}

Now that we are aware of the prerequisites you’ll need to know, let’s head directly to our list of the Best Cypress Plugins and find out what makes them so great.

Best Cypress Plugins

@badeball/cypress-cucumber-preprocessor

It is a customized version of the cypress-cucumber-preprocessor plugin that you can use to write Cypress tests in the Gherkin format.

The advantage here is that Gherkin uses natural language statements that make the automation tests very easy to read and understand. Apart from technical people being able to understand the tests, people with no technical knowledge also will be able to understand them. Since that is an important aspect of automation testing, we have added this plugin to our list of the best Cypress plugins.

Once you have installed and registered the plugin using the above-mentioned instructions, you will be able to write your tests using the Gherkin syntax and save them with the .feature file extension. These files will be parsed and converted into executables by the plugin.

@bahmutov/cypress-esbuild-preprocessor

It is a plugin that uses esbuild, a JavaScript bundler to preprocess your test files before they are run by Cypress.

If you are using JavaScript features such as JSX or TypeScript in your tests, this plugin would be useful as esbuild will convert these features to plain JavaScript that can be run in older browsers too.

@badeball/cypress-cucumber-preprocessor/esbuild

The @badeball/cypress-cucumber-preprocessor/esbuild plugin is a custom version of one of the best Cypress plugins we have seen already. As the name suggests, it is a modified version of the cypress-cucumber-preprocessor plugin.

The @badeball/cypress-cucumber-preprocessor/esbuild plugin extends the functionality of writing tests using the Gherkin language by using esbuild. You will be able to transpile your test files using esbuild and parse them using Cucumber before they are run by Cypress.

This can be very useful if you are using modern JavaScript features such as JSX or TypeScript in your tests.

@cypress/xpath

Using an XPath to locate elements for your automation tests is a very common practice in automation testing. And you can make use of the @cypress/xpath plugin to add support for using XPath expressions in your tests.

It can be particularly useful when you have to target elements that don’t have unique ID attributes, or if you want to locate elements based on their exact position or relative position with respect to other elements.

You can target elements in your tests by using the cy.xpath() command.

Cypress-iframe

iframes are HTML elements that allow you to embed another HTML document within the current page. They are used in numerous websites as they can be useful for displaying content from external sources or for separating different sections of a page.

If the site you are testing does have an iframe, you’ll have to know how to interact with it in your automation tests. So you can make use of the cypress-iframe plugin to shift the focus of your tests to an iframe element.

Cy-verify-downloads

As the name suggests, this Cypress plugin can be used to validate if a file has been downloaded during your automation testing. It is common for applications to offer file downloads to their users and that is why this plugin has found its spot in our list of best Cypress plugins.

It basically uses two arguments to fulfill its purpose, and they are the file path and the expected content of the download file. So you can use cy.verifyDownload() command to ensure that your application is generating and serving the correct files to users.

Multiple-cucumber-html-reporter

Reporting is a very important part of automation testing and we have chosen a plugin that will help you generate HTML reports for your tests. The Multiple-cucumber-html-reporter is a plugin for the Cucumber test framework that generates an HTML report for your tests.

Cucumber is a tool that allows you to write tests using natural language statements (written in the Gherkin syntax), and the Multiple-cucumber-html-reporter plugin allows you to generate an HTML report that shows the results of these tests.

Of our list of the best Cypress plugins, this is the only plugin that has an exception when it comes to using it after installation and registration. You’ll have to configure the plugin to generate the report in the format you want.

As usual, you can use the below command to install the plugin as a dependency on your project.

npm install --save-dev multiple-cucumber-html-reporter

After which, you’ll have to configure the plugin by creating a JavaScript file that requires the plugin. You can configure the JavaScript file with the appropriate conditions based on which your HTML report will be generated. Let’s take a look at an example to help you understand it clearly.

Example:

Let’s generate an HTML report based on the JSON files in the “path/to/json/files” directory and save it to the “path/to/report/directory” directory. We will be including metadata about the browser & platform used to run the tests and a few custom data such as the title and additional details about the project and release.

const reporter = require("multiple-cucumber-html-reporter");
 
reporter.generate({
  jsonDir: "path/to/json/files",
  reportPath: "path/to/report/directory",
  metadata: {
    browser: {
      name: "chrome",
      version: "78.0"
    },
    device: "Desktop",
    platform: {
      name: "Windows",
      version: "10"
    }
  },
  customData: {
    title: "My Report",
    data: [
      { label: "Project", value: "My Project" },
      { label: "Release", value: "1.0.0" },
      { label: "Execution Date", value: "January 1, 2020" }
    ]
  }
});

cypress-file-upload

Similar to applications having the provision to download files, the ability to upload files from the local system to the server is also a common function. So you can make use of this plugin to test if your application uploads a file as expected.

cy.upload_file is the command you’ll have to use to get this functionality.

Conclusion

As mentioned earlier, there are so many great Cypress plugins and we found these to be the most important ones that every automation tester must know. We hope you are now clear about how to install, register, and use all of the best Cypress plugins we’ve gone through in our blog. Even if you wish to use any other Cypress plugin, you can make use of the standard installation and registration process to get started with it. Being an experienced automated testing as a service provider, we have published numerous informative blogs about Cypress and will be publishing more. So make sure to subscribe to our newsletter to ensure you do not miss out on any of our latest posts.

Pytest BDD vs Behave: Pick the Best Python BDD Framework

Pytest BDD vs Behave: Pick the Best Python BDD Framework

Similar to all popular programming languages, Python also has numerous BDD frameworks that we can choose from. Out of the lot, Pytest BDD and Behave are the most widely used BDD frameworks. Being a leading automation testing company, we have used both Pytest BDD and Behave in our project based on business needs. We believe it is very crucial for every tester to know how to implement a readable and business-friendly automation testing solution. So in this blog, we will be pitting Pytest BDD vs Behave to help you choose the right choice for you by comparing the two based on our real-world usage.

For those who are unfamiliar or new to Python and BDD, let’s have a small introduction for both before we start our Pytest BDD vs Behave comparison. If you are already familiar with them, feel free to head straight to the comparison.

BDD

Behavior-Driven Development (or BDD) is an agile software development technique that promotes collaboration not only between developers and testers; but also with non-technical or business stakeholders in a software project. BDD achieves this by following a simple Given, When, and Then format (Gherkin) to write test cases that anybody can understand. Before we head to the Pytest BDD vs Behave comparison, let’s take a look at the list of popular Python BDD frameworks available.

List of Python BDD Frameworks

1. Behave

2. Pytest BDD

3. radish

4. lettuce

5. freshen

Though there are even more Python BDD frameworks, these are the most well-known and widely used options. But it is important to note that not every BDD framework is for everyone. That is why we have picked out Pytest BDD and Behave for our comparison.

Python Behave

If you have prior experience in using a Cucumber BDD framework, you would find Behave to be similar in many ways. But even if you are starting afresh, Behave is quite easy to get started with. The primary reason for that is Behave’s great online documentation and the availability of easy tutorials. We will be covering a direct Pytest BDD vs Behave comparison once we explore the individual pros and cons of both these frameworks.

Pros

  • It totally supports the Gherkin programming language.
  • Setup and cleanup are simplified by environmental functions and fixtures.
  • It integrates with Django and Flask.
  • It is widely used by Python BDD practitioners.

Cons

  • Behave have the limited community support.
  • It is not possible to run tests in parallel.

Pytest BDD

Pytest BDD implements a subset of the Gherkin language to enable project requirements testing and behavioural-driven development. Pytest fixtures written for unit tests can be reused for feature step setup and actions with dependency injection. This enables true BDD with just the right amount of requirement specifications without having to maintain any context object containing the side effects of Gherkin imperative declarations.

Let’s view the listed pros & cons of Pytest and then proceed to the tabular column where we compare Pytest BDD vs Behave.

Pros

  • It works flawlessly with Pytest and all major Pytest plugins.
  • Fixtures are an excellent method for managing context between steps.
  • Filtered tests can be run alongside other Pytest tests.
  • conftest.py makes it simple to share step definitions and hooks.
  • Tabular data can be handled better for data-driven testing.

Cons

  • Feature files must be explicitly declared in step definition modules (via “@scenario” or the “scenarios” function).
  • Scenario outline steps must be parsed differently.
  • Sharing steps between feature files can be a bit of a hassle.

Pytest BDD vs Behave: Key Differences

Description Pytest Bdd Python Behave
Pricing Free and Open Source Free and Open Source
Project Structure [project root directory]
|‐‐ [product code packages]
|– [test directories]
| |– features
| | `– *.feature
| `– step_defs
| |– __init__.py
| |– conftest.py
| `– test_*.py
`– [pytest.ini|tox.ini|setup.cfg]
[project root directory]
|‐‐ [product code packages]
|– features
| |– environment.py
| |– *.feature
| `– steps
| `– *_steps.py
`– [behave.ini|.behaverc|tox.ini|setup.cfg]
Step Definition naming Syntax Step definition file name should be Prefixed or Suffixed with the word test Example:test_filename.py File name can be anything with the .py extension
Test directory naming Syntax Test directory should be named as ‘tests’ Test directory should be named as ‘features’
IDE Support Supports only the Professional edition of Pycharm, Visual Studio Code and etc Supports in Pycharm Professional Edition only.
Visual Studio Code and etc
Reports Pytest Bdd Supports
1.HTML Report
2.Allure Report(Installed as a Separate Plugin)
It doesn’t support Extent report.
Behave Supports
1. Allure Report
2. Output JSON Report
3. Junit Report
It doesn’t support both HTML & Extent reports.
Parallel Execution It supports Parallel Execution It doesn’t support Parallel Execution
TestRunner Pytest (Installed as a Separate Plugin) Behave (Inbuilt Test Runner)
Support and Community Good Good
Test Launch Tests are launched by specific step definition files
Eg: pytest -k your step_definition.py file
Tests are launched by specific feature files
Eg: behave features/your feature.feature file
Run by Tag Run the test file by using the keyword -m
Eg: pytest -m @yourTag
Run the test file by using the keyword –tags
Eg: behave –tags @yourTag
Parsers Scenario Outline steps should be parsed separately No need to parse the scenario outline steps
Explicit Declaration Feature file should be explicitly declared on step definition via scenarios function Not needed to explicitly declare the feature file in step definition

Pytest BDD vs Behave: Best Use Cases

Pytest BDD

Parallel Execution – Behave has no in-built features that made it possible to run the tests in parallel. Likewise, the once popular framework behave-parallel, which made it easier to run tests in parallel on Python behave, has been retired. So if parallel test execution is an important factor, Pytest will definitely be the better choice.

Pytest BDD allows for the unification of unit and functional tests. It also reduces the burden of continuous integration server configuration and the reuse of test setups.

HTML Reports – Behave doesn’t support HTML reports, and if that is one of your requirements, then you’ll have to pick Pytest BDD. Pytest BDD also has support for Allure reports which is also another widely used type.

Behave

Ease of Use – As seen in the Pytest BDD vs Behave comparison table, the step definition naming is much easier in Behave as Pytest requires a defined prefix or suffix. As additional code is required for declaring scenarios, implementing scenario outlines, and sharing steps in Pytest BDD, Behave in general is easier to use. It is also easier to setup as it has an inbuilt test runner.

The terminal log will be more elaborate in Behave when compared to Pytest. The reason for that is Behave runs the test with feature files that are written in the Given When & Then format. So you can easily identify where the error is.

Conclusion

So it is evident that both Pytest BDD and Behave have their own pros and cons. So based on your automation testing needs, you can use our Pytest BDD vs Behave comparison table and recommendations to make a well-educated decision. Being a test automation service provider, we have predominantly used Pytest BDD in many of our projects. If you could work around Pytest BDD’s complexity, it is a great option. If not, Behave could be a great alternative that you can choose.

How to fix Flaky Integration Tests?

How to fix Flaky Integration Tests?

With Agile being so widely adopted across the globe in software development projects, the importance of Integration testing has also increased. Since different parts or modules of the software are developed individually in Agile, you can consider the work done only if everything works well together. A flaky test is never healthy for any type of testing, but it can be considered more critical when your integration tests are flaky.

Being an experienced automation testing company, we have encountered various factors that contribute to the flakiness of an integration test and are well-versed when it comes to fixing them. So in this blog, we will be explaining in detail how you can fix a flaky integration test.

How is Integration Testing Performed?

Integration testing is the process of making sure that two or more separate software modules are working together as defined by the requirements. In most organizations, the Unit/Component/Module integration will be performed by the developers. But automation testing companies that follow the Test-Driven-Development approach will be involved in the unit/integration testing too.

Types of Integration testing:

  • The Big Bang Method
  • Bottom-Up Method
  • Hybrid Testing Method
  • Incremental Method
  • Stubs and Drivers
  • Top-Down Approach

Causes of Flaky Integration Tests

1. Web Driver Test

2. Shared resources

3. Third party’s reliability

4. Sleep ()

5. UI test

WebDriver Test:

WebDriver is a web framework that allows us to execute cross-Browser tests. This tool is used to automate web applications to verify if it is working as expected. The Selenium WebDriver allows us to choose a programming language to create test cases, in that case, flakiness might cause.

Shared Resources

Shared data is one of the main reasons for integration tests to be flaky. It can be caused when tests are designed with incorrect assumptions about data and memory or due to unforeseen scenarios.

Third-Party Reliability

Integration tests could also rely more on external software or APIs in comparison to standalone tests. During such scenarios, there could be certain dependencies to which we might have limited or no access. This is yet another reason that causes a flaky integration test.

Sleep()

Since integration tests involve different components or modules of an app, sleep () time can contribute to the failure of many tests. Having too short of a wait time or a too long wait time can cause failures.

New Feature/Module

All your tests might be working fine until a new feature/module/code has been added to the existing build. Such new additions can cause flaky integration tests and so it is always important to check how stable the tests are once such new integrations are made.

UI Testing

UI Tests can turn out to be because they basically intend to run End to End testing methods and interact with the System like how real users would. Since such tests are prone to network issues or server slowness that might introduce some unexpected flakiness.

Steps to Fix Flaky Integration Tests:

Run the Test Regularly

Running your test suite at regular intervals is the first step in fixing flaky integration tests as it will help you identify them. So make sure to rerun the tests daily or at least once a week.

The more tests we rerun, the more we will be able to understand the tests. We will be able to determine helpful data such as the time it takes for the test to be executed on average. We will even know when and how the particular test is being triggered.

Once we have such data, it will be easier to identify the anomalies when they happen.

Identify the Unstable tests

Now that we have the data to identify any deviation, we will know where to look to find unstable tests. But be sure that not all failures attribute to a flaky test as there could be real scenarios impacting the result. So the first step would be to look into the error logs to see what has caused the failure.

But those tests might fail due to many reasons such as latency issues, network issues, environmental issues, coordination problems, and so on. So make sure to analyze why similar tests pass and fail randomly. If you dive deep and analyze the internal workings, you’ll be able to identify flaky test patterns.

Isolate the Flaky tests

A single flaky test can disrupt the integrity of your entire test suite. So the best course of action would be to isolate the flaky integration test from your test suite. Find out if removing the particular integration test will have any impact on your test suite on the whole and adapt accordingly.

Fix Flaky tests one at a time

In order to fix a flaky integration test, you must first identify the root cause of the problem, You can rerun the same test multiple times using the same code and try to identify the root cause of the flakiness. But this might turn out to be a tedious process if the tests end up failing continuously. So make sure to follow these steps

  • Review the existing wait/ sleep time delay of the existing threads and make needful changes.
  • Reorder the data source while running a test and have the process draw data from a different source. Though reordering the source station can help, it requires careful execution.
  • Identify if any dependencies on external sources are causing flaky integration tests. It will be helpful if you simplify multiple threads to create a simple form as failures can be fixed when we have full access to our program instead of relying on external venues.
  • Use mock testing to focus on the code more than the behaviors or the dependencies of the feature.
    By posting comments to some of the code, adding print and wait-for statements as necessary, setting breakpoints, and closely watching the logs, you will be able to debug the problem’s root cause and resolve it.

Tip: A common trap that most testers fall into is wanting to find & fix all the flaky tests all at once. It will only cause them to take more time as it will be very hard to identify the root cause and come up with a permanent solution.

So focus on one flaky test at a time.

Add Stable tests back to the Test Suite

Once you are certain that the flakiness has been eliminated, you can add the isolated test back to your test suite. But you’ll have to rerun the tests over and over again to determine if the results you are getting are consistent. The reruns don’t end there as you’ll have to rerun your entire test suite after adding the fixed tests to make sure nothing else breaks.

Best Way to Handle Flaky Tests

One of the best ways to handle flaky tests is to prevent them. So when you write your automation scripts, make sure the tests are not dependent on one another. If there is too much dependency, you’ll not be able to evaluate the failures without looking into the application’s code. The objective of our tester should be able to write automation scripts in a way that you can execute them in any random order you want without any impact. But if there are such issues, you should consider splitting up those tests.

Conclusion:

Flaky integration tests or flaky tests in general are very common when it comes to automation testing. But as a leading test automation service provider, we take the necessary steps to ensure that we don’t create flaky tests in the first place. Though it is not possible to completely avoid it, the overall flakiness can be considerably lowered. So even if we do face flakiness, the above-mentioned steps have always helped fix those issues and keep our test suites healthy.

Page Object Model in Cypress Tutorial with Example

Page Object Model in Cypress Tutorial with Example

Designing an effective test automation framework is an integral part of automation testing. It is important that your test automation framework has no code duplication, great readability, and is easy to maintain. There are many design patterns that you can use to achieve these goals, but in our experience, we have always found Page Object Model to be the best and would recommend you follow the same. As Cypress has been gaining a lot of popularity over the years, we will be looking at how you can implement Page Object Model in Cypress. To help you understand easily, we have even used a Cypress Page Object Model example. So let’s get started.

In a Page Object Model, the page objects are always separated from the automation test scripts. Since Cypress has the ability to enable Page Object Model, the page files in POM are separated into different page objects and the test cases are written in test scripts.

How to Implement the Page Object Model in Cypress?

Being an experienced automation testing company, we have implemented Page Object Model in Cypress for various projects. Based on that experience, we have created a Cypress Page Object Model example that will make it easy for you to understand.

Let’s assume that we have to automate the login process in a sample page and that we have two pages (Home Page & Login Page) to focus on.

Create a Pages Folder

The project structure is an aspect we’ll need to know for implementing Page Object Model in Cypress. So we have created a separate folder called pages under the Cypress folder to store both the Home and Login pages.

Creating Page Folder for Implementing Page Object Model in Cypress

In the example above, we can see both the CodoidPortalHomePage.js and CodoidPortalLoginPage.js. Under the ‘pages’ folder we created.

Add Methods & Locators

Now that we have created separate pages, we have added all the required methods related to Codoid’s home page to CodoidPortalhomePage.js and the ones related to Codoid’s login page to CodoidPortalLoginPage.js.

To increase the reusability, we have added the locators as variables in both instances.

Home Page
export class CodoidPortalHomePage{
 
    txtBox_Search = ':nth-child(2) > .oxd-input-group > :nth-child(2) > .oxd-input'
    codoidLogo = ':nth-child(3) > .oxd-input-group > :nth-child(2) > .oxd-input'
    btnSearchIcon = '.oxd-button'
 
    enterSearchKeyword(Username){
        cy.get(this.txtBox_Search).type(Username)
    }
 
    verifyCodoidLogo(Password){
        cy.contains(this.codoidLogo)
    }
 
    clickSearchIcon(){
        cy.get(this.btnSearchIcon).click()
    }
}
Login Page
export class CodoidPortalLoginPage{
    txtBox_UserName = ':nth-child(2) > .oxd-input-group > :nth-child(2) > .oxd-input'
    txtBox_Passwords = ':nth-child(3) > .oxd-input-group > :nth-child(2) > .oxd-input'
    btnLogin = '.oxd-button'
    txtDashBoardInHomePage = '.oxd-topbar-header-breadcrumb > .oxd-text'
    txtInvalidcredentials = 'Invalid credentials'
    subTabAdmin = 'Admin'
    txtSystemUserInAdminTab = 'System Users'
    enterUserName(Username){
        cy.get(this.txtBox_UserName).type(Username)
    }
    enterPassword(Password){
        cy.get(this.txtBox_Passwords).type(Password)
    }
    clickLoginBtn(){
        cy.get(this.btnLogin).click()
    }
    verifyHomePage(){
        cy.get(this.txtDashBoardInHomePage)  
     }
     verifyAdminSection(){
        cy.contains(this.subTabAdmin).click()
     }
     verifySystemUser(){
        cy.contains(this.txtSystemUserInAdminTab)
     }
}

Create a Step Definition Folder

The next step in implementing Page Object Model in Cypress would be to create a ‘Step Definition folder. We have created it under the ‘e2e’ folder, which stores all the test cases. We have then created a test spec file by the name ‘testFile.js’ under the ‘step definitions’ folder.

Adding testfile in Cypress

Note: If you are using a Cypress version that is below 10, you’ll have to create a ‘step definitions’ folder under ‘integration’ and not under e2e.

Import & Execute

The final step in implementing the Page Object Model in Cypress would be to import the pages we have created to access its methods and execute them. So we will be creating instances of the CodoidPortalHomePage.js and CodoidPortalLoginPage.js classes and call the respective methods as shown in the code snippet below.

import {
    Given,
    When,
    Then,
  } from "@badeball/cypress-cucumber-preprocessor";

import { HomePage } from "../../pages/CodoidPortalHomePage";
import { LoginPage } from "../../pages/CodoidPortalLoginPage";

const homeage = new CodoidPortalHomePage()
const loginPage = new CodoidPortalLoginPage()


Given('User is at the login page', () => {
    cy.visit('https://opensource-demo.orangehrmlive.com/')
})

When('User enters username as {string} and password as {string}', (username, password) => {
    loginPage.enterUserName('Admin')
    loginPage.enterPassword('admin123')
})

When('User clicks on login button', () => {
    loginPage.clickLoginBtn()
})

Then('User is able to successfully login to the Website', () => {
    homeage.verifyHomePage()
})

Now that we have implemented Page object model in Cypress, it’s time to execute the test file in Cypress. So you can open Cypress by running the following command in the terminal.

npx cypress open

Once you have opened Cypress, all you have to do is run the testfile.spec.js file.

Best Practices for Page Object Model in Cypress

Assertions should not be included in page objects

When building end-to-end test scripts, aim to include only one main assertion or a set of assertions per script. Additionally, you should not place assertions in any of the functions provided by your page objects.

Identify the page object class by using a clear name

It’s important to make sure the name you choose makes it 100% clear what’s inside the page object. If there is a scenario where you are unable to pinpoint what the page object does, then it is a sign that the page object does too much. So make sure to keep your page objects focused on particular functions.

Methods in the page class should interact with the HTML pages or components

Make sure your page class has only the methods that an end user can use to interact with the web application.

Use Locators as variables

There are high chances for the “Xpath” of an element changes in the future. So if you use a locator as a variable, you can just change the Xpath of the single file, and it will be applied to all the other files that call the same “Xpath”.

Separate the Verification Steps

Ensure to separate the UI operations and flow from the verification steps to make your code clean and easy to understand.

Conclusion:

So in addition to using a Cypress Page Object Model example, we have also listed the best practices that you can use to implement the same in your project. Implementing Page Object Model in Cypress will make it very easy when you have to scale your project and make maintaining it seamless as well. Being a leading automation testing service provider, we will be publishing such insightful blogs regularly. So make sure you subscribe to our newsletter to never miss out.

Jetbrains Aqua: The Must-Know Features for Testers

Jetbrains Aqua: The Must-Know Features for Testers

JetBrains (formerly IntelliJ Software ) is a Czech software development company that specializes in tools for programmers and project managers. Jetbrains has developed many popular Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) such as Intellij IDEA, Pycharm, WebStorm and so on. Their IDEs support various programming languages such as Java, Groovy, Kotlin, Ruby, Python, PHP, C, Objective-C, C++, C#, F#, Go, JavaScript, and SQL. And Aqua is their newest addition to their existing lineup. It is a powerful IDE developed by keeping Test Automation in focus. It is a treat for QA and test engineering professionals in modern software development. Being a leading automation testing company, we are always on the lookout for new tools and technologies that can help us enhance our testing process. So in this blog, we will be focusing on Jetbrains Aqua and its features that make it a great IDE for testers.

There are a lot of features in Aqua that a test automation engineer needs on a daily basis, which includes

  • A Multi-language IDE (with support for JVM, Python, JavaScript, and so on)
  • A new, powerful web inspector for UI automation
  • Built-in HTTP client for API Testing
  • Database management functionality

Intelligent Coding Assistance

As with other JetBrains IDEs, Aqua checks your code on-the-fly for quality and validity. If issues are found, the IDE suggests context actions to help you resolve them. As of writing this blog, Aqua provides intelligent coding assistance for Java, Kotlin, Python, JavaScript, TypeScript, and SQL. To use the context action, click the light bulb icon (or press Alt+Enter).

JetBrain Aqua in Intelligent Coding Assistance

In addition to that, clicking Shift twice allows you to search across classes, files, Action, and Database.

Features in JetBrains Aqua

Starting a New Project

Creating a new project is so cool in Jetbrains Aqua as you can choose the build tool (Maven or Gradle), Test runner (JUnit or TestNG), JDK, and language for the project. To make it even easier for you, JetBrains Aqua even provides you with a sample script when you are creating a project for the first time.

Aqua supports JUnit, TestNG, Pytest, Jest, Mocha, and other popular frameworks for writing, running, and debugging unit tests. Code insights are also provided by Jetbrains Aqua for CSS, XPath, and many other libraries used in UI testing.

You can choose the page object pattern you want to use in the IDE and Jetbrains Aqua will use the corresponding pattern when adding the locators. Though the URL field is optional, it will be useful when identifying the locators.

Starting a new project

Web Inspector

Now that there is an inbuilt Web Inspector in Jetbrain Aqua, you can explore the web application you want to perform automation for and collect the required page elements. Aqua provides CSS or XPath locators for the chosen elements on the webpage and aids in adding it to the source code.

The best part is that it will assign a valid name to the web elements you chose instead of assigning a random name. It is known by all that an element might have more than one unique Xpath or CSS for a web element. So the Web Inspector will fetch all the available variations as shown in the below screenshot.

Web Inspector Variations in JetBrains Aqua

If you are working with multiple sites, the web inspector has a history feature that will come in handy. You can use it to select the site you want from the drop-down in the search bar as shown below.

Web Inspector History Feature

HTTP Client

Every web service will send and receive numerous HTTP requests. As Jetbrain Aqua has an inbuilt HTTP client, you will be able to create and edit the requests. So you will be able to perform API tests where you can use commands such as get, post, put, etc in the IDE to check the response body and response code.

HTTP Client Request

In the above image, we have used the GET command and got 200 as the response code.

Database Management

If you have been performing automated data analytics testing, you’ll definitely love this new feature in Jetbrain Aqua. Using Aqua, you’ll be able to handle multiple databases, develop SQL scripts, and perform data assertions to a certain extent right from the IDE. So you’ll be able to connect to live databases, run & validate the required queries, export the data, and manage the schemes with the help of a visual interface. Some of the well-known databases that you can access are Oracle, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, MySQL, and so on.

Database Management in JetBrains Aqua

If you take a look at the above image, we have connected to an SQL server and used the Select command to extract the required details.

Conclusion

Even if you have existing projects in Maven, Eclipse, and Gradle, you can import those projects to Jetbrains Aqua and make use of all these new features. As one of the leading automation testing companies in the industry, we are excited to use Jetbrains Aqua in our projects. Hopefully, we have explained the features of Jetbrains Aqua in a way that has encouraged you to use it as well. Subscribe to our newsletter to stay updated with all the latest test automation tools, methods, and so on.

Cypress vs Selenium. Should you Switch?

Cypress vs Selenium. Should you Switch?

Selenium is a popular open-source test automation tool that has been in the software industry for nearly 2 decades. It has been the go-to tool for testers when it comes to web automation. Even we have been using Selenium to deliver exceptional automation testing services to our clients all these years. But we are always focused on using the best tools, and so when Cypress started to gain a lot of popularity in recent years, we keenly looked into it and now have a clear understanding of both these tools. So in this blog, we will be pitting Cypress vs Selenium to help you choose the right tool for your needs with our analysis.

Selenium:

By now almost everyone in software testing would be aware of Selenium. But if in case you are new, you might need an introduction. Selenium is an open-source automation testing framework for web applications that was initially released in 2004. Selenium 4 is the most recent and stable version of Selenium.

Cypress:

Despite being used for the same purpose as Selenium, Cypress does differ architecturally from Selenium. It uses a DOM manipulation technique to directly interact with the web browsers without needing specific browser drivers in Selenium. Since it uses JavaScript for its automation test scripts, it is popular with developers.

Cypress vs Selenium: Points that Matter

No single tool can cater to the wide range of needs of different people. That is why it is important to opt for the tool that is the most suitable for your particular needs. In addition to that, choosing the right automation framework plays an integral part in your automation testing’s success. So before we head to the Cypress vs Selenium comparison table, let’s first learn what are the main aspects to look into when choosing between Cypress and Selenium or any other automation tool for that matter.

Testing

The first and foremost factor is the type of automation tests you are looking to execute or in need of for your project. When it comes to Cypress vs Selenium, they do support a wide range of tests. Cypress in specific supports API testing, whereas Selenium doesn’t support it. Cypress is also great for unit testing as developers are more comfortable with it when compared to Selenium. Both options are equally good when it comes to performing end-to-end testing.

Language support

Apart from the testing capabilities of the tool, another pivotal aspect to consider is the programming languages it supports. Though it is preferable to pick one that supports multiple languages, make sure the language you want to use is supported. You should consider the programming language used in the project in general and also your available talent pool when making this decision. When it comes to Cypress vs Selenium, Selenium supports more number of languages in comparison.

Cross-Browser Testing

Being web-based automation testing tools, testing across different browsers would be a crucial part. As of writing this blog, Cypress doesn’t support automating tests on Safari and Internet Explorer. Though IE has been discontinued, you might be in a position to test a legacy application that depends on IE. So Selenium would be the way to go if cross-browser testing is a priority.

Performance

Apart from execution speed, the number of tests that can be in parallel is also a crucial factor when comparing Cypress vs Selenium. Selenium with the help of Selenium Grid is the clear winner here as it eases cross-browser testing across platforms. Whereas Cypress doesn’t provide the option of running more than one browser at a time.

In-Built Features
  • User-friendly features such as the automatic scrolling option that ensures an object or element is in the viewport before actions such as clicks are executed.
  • There is also no need for the tester to use explicit/implicit wait commands like in Selenium.
  • There are also options to control the behavior of server responses, timers, and functions using stubs, clocks, and spies.
  • The Test Runner in Cypress makes it possible for testers to go through every step before and after screenshots making it easy to debug.
  • Cypress is also packed with reliable and ready-to-use frameworks. Whereas you’ll have to build everything from scratch when it comes to Selenium.
  • Flaky tests are also reduced thanks to the retry capability of actions performed over elements.
Ease of Use

So when pitting Cypress vs Selenium, the previous points we saw were the major dealbreakers. If you have what you are looking for in both these options, then you can consider how easy or usable the tool is for your usage. As discussed earlier, developers would lean towards Cypress as it is great for Unit testing. It also has a relatively easier installation & setup process.

Community & Support

Selenium has been around for a long time and so it naturally has an edge when it comes to community support with code samples, and so on. But Cypress also has a rapidly growing community and really effective documentation.

Cypress vs Selenium: Key Highlights

Features Cypress Selenium
Testing Supports End-to-End and API Testing Supports End-to-End testing, but not API Testing.
Supported Languages JavaScript and Typescript. Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, C#, and other languages are supported.
Users It is developer-friendly since developers were considered throughout its development. It is also used by Testers. Predominantly used by Testers.
Browsers compatibility Firefox and all chromium-based browsers (Chrome, Edge, Brave). Chrome, Opera, Firefox, Edge, Internet Explorer, Safari, and other major browsers.
Performance It is quicker since it has a distinct architecture that does not use Its architecture makes it difficult to write simple, quick tests. The platform, on the other hand, is fast, and you can run many tests at scale, in parallel, and across browsers.
Usability It will be simple if you are familiar with JavaScript. Otherwise, it can be a little difficult. As it supports multiple languages, people can quickly start writing tests. It also has well-defined syntaxes and good maintainability.
Installation setup Run the following command: npm install -save-dev Cypress The installation process is more complicated and time-consuming.
Plugins Though it has fewer integrations, it does support a large number of plugins. It integrates well with CI/CD, visual testing, cloud, and reporting tools.
Reference Documentation It is a growing community and provides good samples and documentation. It has a wide online community and excellent code and samples.
Parallel Testing Yes (Limited) Yes
Mobile Testing No Yes (But only with Appium)

Why Choose Selenium?

  • If you or your team aren’t familiar with JavaScript, then Selenium is the choice for you.
  • Cross-browser testing is a strong suit of Selenium, and if that is a priority; opt for Selenium.
  • Automation scripts can be run in parallel or simultaneously by Selenium.
  • Selenium is useful in DevOps and continuous integration because it can be easily integrated with Jenkins, Maven, and other tools.
  • Selenium makes it possible to perform headless browser testing.
  • Selenium has a record and play [IDE] that simplifies the automation testing process. There is even an option to export this recording script in your preferred language.

Why Choose Cypress?

  • Cypress can test all modern applications including Angular, React Vue JavaScript.
  • If you need to perform API testing, Cypress is the only choice.
  • Cypress would be better for developers as it is great for performing Unit testing.
  • People who are strong in JavaScript would love Cypress as it has great debugging capabilities.
  • Cypress is generally considered to be more reliable and fast as it works on real browsers, unlike other tools which simulate the browsers.
  • Cypress’s in-built reporting is better than Selenium. But you can overcome this issue by integrating Selenium with TestNG or Cucumber.

Conclusion:

We hope our Cypress vs Selenium blog has laid out all the important points you’ll need to consider when choosing between these tools. As we saw in our blog, both these tools are great in their own ways. So make sure to pick the tool that fits your needs. Being an experienced automation testing service provider, we choose the tool for our project on the same basis. Make sure to subscribe to our newsletter as we will be publishing more insightful content on a regular basis.